Tuesday, January 08, 2019

Ebionite (Nasoraean, Jewish or Hebrew Christian) Scriptures and Vegetarian Gospels



Link BACK to the MAIN PAGE of the E-Library: https://SantMatRadhasoami.Blogspot.com/2019/01/sant-mat-radhasoami-books-main-page-e.html


Ebionite (Hebrew Christian) Scriptures



The Hebrew Christian-Nasoraean-Ebionite-Clementine-James the Just Page: The Original Christianity (Christianity Before Paul), A Collection of Ebionite Scriptures and Vegetarian Gospels of the Jesus Movement Affiliated with James the Just or Teacher of Righteousness, Also Other Early Jewish/Hebrew Christian Sources, Thr John the Baptist Group, Aramaic Mandaean Texts, etc…

I do agree with the scholar Robert Eisenman that finding the historic James the Just (brother and spiritual successor of Jesus) is the most logical way to locate a historic Jesus. This Nasoraean/James the Just/Ebionite page is a project to gather together what remains of their scriptures so this original group — Christianity before Paul — awkwardly marginalized by Paul and later Roman versions of Christianity — can be more easily accessed. I do include the Gospel of Thomas on the list because of GoT Saying #12, which states that James the Just, Jesus’s brother, is his spiritual successor. Plus, saying two of the Gospel of Thomas is also found in the Gospel of the Hebrews. Mostly what has survived of Ebionite writings comes to us in the form of the Clementine literature, which is quite amazing material.


The Research of Keith Akers

I highly recommend two books by Keith Akers on the original Jesus Movement (Christianity-Before-Paul), the Ebionites: "Disciples": 
https://www.amazon.com/Disciples-Jewish-Christianity-Shaped-Shattered-ebook/dp/B00J48GAJE/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=keith+akers&qid=1586786123&sr=8-1

And by Keith Akers..."The Lost Religion of Jesus"
https://www.amazon.com/Lost-Religion-Jesus-Christianity-Non-Violence-ebook/dp/B003KTNBMM/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&qid=1586786168&refinements=p_27%3AKeith+Akers&s=digital-text&sr=1-1&text=Keith+Akers


A Relationship Between the Gospel of Thomas 

and the Gospel of the Hebrews

“It seems that, in constructing his ‘harmony’ [Diatessaron], he [Tatian] used not just the ‘canonical’ Gospels, but also a ‘fifth source’, whose material sometimes agreed with readings proper to texts like the Gospel to the Hebrews or the Gospel of Thomas. It has been proposed to identify this source with that Aramaic tradition of Palestinian origin, independent of the Greek Gospels, that had first conveyed a knowledge of Jesus to the peoples of Syria, pivoting, to begin with, on the region’s Jewish communities. Certainly, West Aramaic expressions or, more generally, elements left a deep mark not just and perhaps not so much on the Peshitta as on the more general exegetical and ‘spiritual’ meditation of the Churches of Syria, as many recent studies have demonstrated (cf. e.g. S. Brock, The Lost Old Syriac…).”

— Paolo Bettiolo, Syriac Literature, page 426: https://archive.org/details/SyriacLiterature




Ebionite Scriptures — Original Disciples,


Hebrew Christians


The Jerusalem Group — 



James the Just, 



Collections of the Sayings of Yeshua






Sayings of Wisdom -- Three Versions of the 


Gospel of Thomas (Sayings of Jesus):

(1): http://www.gnosis.org/naghamm/gosthom-meyer.html (This version of the Gospel of Thomas translated by Marvin Meyer has a slightly more Aramaic-Syriac flavor to it.)



The sayings attributed to Jesus but uniquely associated with the Gospel of Thomas tradition also were also quoted far and wide in other early Christian writings. An impressive book documenting the transmission of these “Thomasonian” parallel sayings of Jesus is: Extracanonical Sayings of Jesus, by William D. Stroker, Published by Scholars Press, Atlanta (1989) ISBN 10: 1555400558, ISBN 13: 9781555400552



Summarizing the Spiritual Message of the Gospel of Thomas in the Context of Syriac Mysticism, by James Bean: https://medium.com/@SantMat/summarizing-the-spiritual-message-of-the-gospel-of-thomas-by-james-bean-90862170ac8a



The Gospel of Q Collection

The Q Gospel:
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/q.html

The Q Gospel: 
https://www.gospels.net/quelle

Sayings of Wisdom -- Sayings Gospel Q:



Other Collections of Sayings of Jesus, 


Gospel Fragments and Gospels Including



the Gospel of the Hebrews and 



Gospel of the Ebionites



Other Collections of Sayings of Jesus:
https://torahofyeshuah.blogspot.com/2015/05/gospel-of-hebrews-matthew-ebionites.html

Sayings Attributed to Jesus from Lesser-known Gospels:
https://medium.com/@SantMat/sayings-attributed-to-jesus-from-lesser-known-gospels-976c691105eb

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 840 Gospel Fragment:
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/poxy840.html

“Some apocryphal gospels testify to the reverence Jewish followers of Jesus (like the Ebionites) had for James. The Gospel of the Hebrews fragment 21 confirms the account of Paul in 1 Corinthians regarding the risen Jesus’ appearance to James*, and this is mentioned also by the Gospel of Thomas (one of the works included in the Nag Hammadi library), saying 12, which relates that the disciples asked Jesus, ‘We are aware that you will depart from us. Who will be our leader?’ Jesus said to them, ‘No matter where you come [from] it is to James the Just that you shall go, for whose sake heaven and earth have come to exist.’” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_the_Just

*Note: The Apostle Paul didn’t seem to be very acquainted with the contents of Gospels. Not much from Jesus or Gospels are to be found quoted in his letters. For Paul to be familiar with the story recorded in the Gospel of the Hebrews about the Resurrected Christ appearing to James, this indicates that some form of the Gospel of the Hebrews (Ebionites or Nazoraeans) must have been one of the earliest Gospels, somewhat older than — or contemporary with — Paul’s Letters. Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians dates back to around 53–57 AD. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Epistle_to_the_Corinthians






Surviving Quotes from the Jewish-Christian Gospels: Gospel of the Ebionites, Gospel of the Hebrews, and Gospel of the Nazoraeans: http://www.textexcavation.com/jewishgospels.html

The Old Syriac-Aramaic Gospels or Evangelion da-Mepharreshe; being the text of the Sinai — Syriac-Aramaic Matthew, Mark, Luke, John with English translations: https://archive.org/stream/cu31924092359680#page/n3/mode/2up

The Diatessaron (What Survives of Tatian’s Gospel Harmony): http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/diatessaron.html

New Testament Apocrypha:
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/apocrypha.html

Testament of our Lord in Galilee (The Epistula Apostolorum: Letter of the Apostles):
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/apostolorum.html

The Testament of Our Lord, Translated into English from the Syriac:
https://archive.org/details/cu31924029296170/page/n8/mode/2up

The Muslim Jesus -- This work presents in English translation the largest collection ever assembled of the sayings and stories of Jesus in Arabic Islamic literature:
https://archive.org/details/TheMuslimJesus_201810/mode/2up




Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: 

The Vast Treasure-Trove 

of the Clementine Literature




Epistle (Letter) of Peter to James:
http://compassionatespirit.com/Books/Homilies/Epistle-Peter-to-James.htm


Epistle (Letter) of Clement to James:
http://compassionatespirit.com/Books/Homilies/Epistle-Clement-to-James.htm

Also See: 
https://www.newadvent.org/fathers/080800.htm



Kerygmata Petrou 

(Preachings of Peter Reconstructed):
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/kerygmatapetrou.html


The Ascents of James: 

History and Theology of 

a Jewish-Christian Community: 
https://issuu.com/santmat/docs/the_ascents_of_james




The Clementine Homilies and 
The Clementine Recognitions



Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: The Recognitions of Clement: 
http://compassionatespirit.com/Books/Recognitions/Recognitions-TOC.htm

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: The Clementine Homilies:

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: The Recognitions of Clement: The SYRIAC Clementine Recognitions and Homilies: 
https://www.academia.edu/9843447/The_Syriac_Clementine_Recognitions_and_Homilies_The_First_Complete_Translation_of_the_Text

The Eight Books of Clement:
https://torahofyeshuah.blogspot.com/2015/08/8-books-of-clement.html

The Clementine Books at the Sacred Texts Website:
https://www.sacred-texts.com/chr/ecf/008/index.htm

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: The Recognitions of Clement:
https://archive.org/details/AnteNiceneChristianLibraryVol031867/page/n7

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: The Clementine Homilies:
https://archive.org/details/clementinehomili00clem/page/n7

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: Helpful Table of Contents for the Clementine Literature and Other Writings: http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf08.toc.html

Acts and Teachings of the Ebionites: Clementine Homilies: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/clementinehomilies.html



Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles (from the Syriac), translated by William Wright (including the Hymn of the Peal and the Complete Acts of Thomas): 
https://archive.org/details/apocryphalactsa02wriggoog/page/n172




Ante-Nicene Fathers, Volume VIII — The Twelve Patriarchs, Excerpts and Epistles, THE CLEMENTIA (Clementine Literature), Apocrypha, Decretals, Memoirs of Edessa and Syriac Documents, Remains of the First Ages: http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf08.pdf http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf08.txt



Psalms/ODES of the New Testament Age: The First Hymn-Book — Hymns — Poetry — The Book of the Odes:
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/odes.html

Psalms/ODES of the New Testament Age: The First Hymn-Book — Hymns — Poetry — The Book of the Odes, Alphonse Mingana Translation:
https://archive.org/details/odespsalmsofsolo02harruoft/page/n5/mode/2up



The Didache (pronounced as “dih-dah-KAY”) — several translations are here: http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/didache.html



Letter of Jude (New Testament):



Letter of the Apostle James (New Testament):



The Apocryphon of James (Nag Hammadi):



Philo of Alexandria on the Therapeutae: http://www.thenazareneway.com/therapeutae.html


Philo of Alexandria on the Essenes:

 http://cojs.org/philo-_every_good_man_is_free_xii-_75-87-_description_of_the_essenes



Dead Sea Scrolls

The Dead Sea Scrolls in English, Online Translation: https://archive.org/stream/pdfy-Uy_BZ_QGsaLiJ4Zs/The%20Dead%20Sea%20Scrolls%20%5BComplete%20English%20Translation%5D#page/n2/mode/1up

Dead Sea Scroll Translations @ Gnosis.org:
http://gnosis.org/library/scroll.htm


Nazoreans: John the Baptist Group & Mandaeans

The Original John the Baptist Group, the Mandaeans (also known as Nazarenes, Nasuraiia or Nasoraeans) — Mandaean Aramaic Scriptures Online — Gnosis Library: http://www.gnosis.org/library/mand.htm

MANDAEAN: CANONICAL PRAYER-BOOK OF THE MANDAEANS: https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.530195


The Mandaean Book of John the Baptist: http://rogueleaf.com/book-of-john/category/john-the-baptist



Revisiting the Mandaeans and the New Testament: http://www.bibleinterp.com/articles/2013/08/mcg378026.shtml


Syriac-Aramaic Saints and Mystics

“The Syriac Fathers on Prayer and the Spiritual Life”, and other books translated by Sebastian Brock. “The Syriac Fathers…” is from Cistercian Publications — an excellent anthology of Syriac mystics and saints, a kind of Syriac “Philokalia” or “Nag Hammadi”-like collection of important texts. Also see the link at the bottom of the page to, the "Gnostic Gospels, Contemplative or Mystical Christianity, Syriac Mystics", etc... Section of the E-Library. There is a Syriac Section down the page there just below the School of Saint Thomas Section.)


The Vegetarianism of the Hebrew Christians

Vegetarianism in Early Christianity: https://ivu.org/history/christian/christ_veg.html

Vegetarian Diet: Article: Uncovering A Vegetarian Jesus at the Beginning of Christianity: “Now beware in yourselves that your hearts do not become heavy with the eating of flesh and with the intoxication of wine and with the anxiety of the world, and that day come up upon you suddenly; for as a snare it will come upon all them that dwell on the surface of the earth.” (Jesus, Luke 21:34, from a Syriac-Aramaic manuscript of the New Testament): https://medium.com/sant-mat-meditation-and-spirituality/9279741be7c4

Vegetarian Diet: Article: Evidence That Jesus and The Original Aramaic Christians Were Vegetarians: “James was a vegetarian….” (Robert Eisenman, James the Brother of Jesus) “James, the brother of the Lord, lived on seeds and plants and touched neither meat nor wine.” (Epistulae ad Faustum XXII, 3) “John never ate meat.” (Church historian Hegesippus according to Eusebius, History of the Church II 2:3) “The Apostle Matthew partook of seeds, and nuts, hard-shelled fruits, and vegetables, without flesh.” (Clement of Alexandria, The Instructor, Book 2, Chapter 1) Peter said, “I live on olives and bread, to which I rarely only add vegetables.” (Clementine Homilies 12,6; also see, Recognitions 7,6) @ Medium: https://medium.com/sant-mat-meditation-and-spirituality/b8784ac42506

Vegetarian Diet: Article: Evidence That Jesus and The Original Aramaic Christians Were Vegetarians @ Blogspot:
https://santmatradhasoami.blogspot.com/2019/04/evidence-that-jesus-and-original.html

Vegetarian Diet: Article: Evidence That Jesus and The Original Aramaic Christians Were Vegetarians @ The Internet Archive: 
https://archive.org/details/JesusAndTheOriginalAramaicChristiansWereVegetarians/mode/2up

DOWNLOAD: https://ia803007.us.archive.org/19/items/JesusAndTheOriginalAramaicChristiansWereVegetarians/Evidence%20That%20Jesus%20and%20The%20Original%20Aramaic%20Christians%20Were%20Vegetarians%2C%20By%20James%20Bean.pdf

Aeon Byte Gnostic Radio Interview With Robert Eisenman on how finding the historic James the Just is the most logical approach to locating a historic Jesus: http://youtu.be/0oR-M1sSxrw

Vegetarianism and Gnosticism — Aeon Byte Gnostic Radio: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6kJh66vIJz0&ab_channel=AeonByteGnosticRadio


The Ebionites: http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ebionites

Books by Robert Eisenman @ Amazon: “James the Brother of Jesus: The Key to Unlocking the Secrets of Early Christianity and the Dead Sea Scrolls”; also, “Dead Sea Scrolls & The First Christians”; and, “James the Just in the Habakkuk Pesher” — http://www.amazon.com/Robert-Eisenman/e/B000APV2U2


Other Items of Research and Interest

The Canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Ethiopic Bible, Has 81 books in it, Including the Ethiopic Book of Clement (Qälëmentos):
https://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/canonical/books.html

The Ethiopic Book of Clement (Qälëmentos) is discussed here: https://www.academia.edu/32686260/The_Ethiopic_Book_of_Clement_the_case_of_a_recent_Ethiopian_edition_and_a_few_additional_remarks

Some Early Judaeo-Christian Documents in the John Rylands Library; Syriac Texts, ed. with translations, by Alphonse Mingana. He translated some Clement writings and discusses the Clementine literature in this book:
https://archive.org/details/someearlyjudaeoc00ming/page/n1/mode/2up

Woodbrooke Studies, Volume I; Christian Documents in Syriac, Arabic, and Garshuni, by Alphonse Mingana:
https://archive.org/details/woodbrookestudie01theouoft/mode/2up


Torah of Yeshuah Collection: Syriac Bible, Ethiopian, Clementines, Apocrypha, Dead Sea Scroll Material, etc...
https://torahofyeshuah.blogspot.com/2015/08/nazarene-canon_6.html

Sacred Texts Site:
https://www.sacred-texts.com/chr/index.htm



ALSO SEE: Gnostic Gospels, Contemplative or Mystical Christianity, Syriac Mystics, Mandaean, Manichaean, Apocrypha, Nag Hammadi Library, Pistis Sophia, Jesus Sutras, Lost Books of the Bible and Spirituality of the West -- Sant Mat Radhasoami Books, The E Library: Gnostic or Western Mysticism Section: https://SantMatRadhasoami.Blogspot.com/2019/01/gnostic-gospels-contemplative-or.html